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Pacemaker-based analysis of atrioventricular conduction and atrial tachyarrhythmias in patients with primary sinus node dysfunction

Item Type:Article
Title:Pacemaker-based analysis of atrioventricular conduction and atrial tachyarrhythmias in patients with primary sinus node dysfunction
Creators Name:Stockburger, M. and Trautmann, F. and Nitardy, A. and Just-Teetzmann, M. and Schade, S. and Celebi, O. and Krebs, A. and Dietz, R.
Abstract:BACKGROUND: Most patients with symptomatic sinus node disease (SND) receive DDDR pacemakers (PM) in order to cover SND and atrioventricular (AV) block from the outset. But the concern about adverse effects of right ventricular pacing (RVP) is increasing. So far, data on the incidence of AV block in SND are based on clinical events. The study undertakes to assess and appraise AV block and atrial tachyarrhythmias (AT) from memory and electrograms of a dual-chamber PM set to an AAIR-DDDR switch mode (AAISafeR). METHODS: A dual-chamber PM incorporating the AAISafeR mode was implanted in 58 patients (70 +/- 10 years, 28 males) with SND, but without AV block >I. AV block and AT episodes were retrieved from the PM memory and validated from electrograms. AV block episodes were classified potentially relevant while comprising AV block III or AV block I/II during exercise. RESULTS: The patients experienced a median of 90 (interquartile range 7-1,084) commutations. Possibly relevant AV block occurred in 32 patients (55%). Validation revealed high-quality PM-based categorization. The RVP prevalence was 0% (0-16%). The median AT prevalence was 0.03 (0-26) min/day. RVP was the only multivariate predictor of AT (P = 0.001). CONCLUSIONS: Potentially relevant AV block occurs frequently in patients with SND. Nonetheless, the RVP prevalence is kept low through the AAISafeR mode. The protection of SND patients with demand-actuated ventricular pacing appears reasonable. The AT prevalence is low in SND patients treated by the AAISafeR mode. Even low RVP proportions appear to favor AT. Prospective evaluation is needed.
Keywords:Sinus Node Dysfunction, Dual-Chamber Pacemaker, AAISafeR Mode, SafeR Mode, AAI(R) Mode, DDD(R) Mode, Ventricular Pacing Prevention, Atrioventricular Block, Atrial Fibrillation
Source:Pacing and Clinical Electrophysiology
Page Range:604-613
Date:May 2009
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1540-8159.2009.02333.x
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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