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Characterization by two-dimensional peptide mapping of the gamma subunits of Ns and Ni, the regulatory proteins of adenylyl cyclase, and of transducin, the guanine nucleotide-binding protein of rod outer segments of the eye

Item Type:Article
Title:Characterization by two-dimensional peptide mapping of the gamma subunits of Ns and Ni, the regulatory proteins of adenylyl cyclase, and of transducin, the guanine nucleotide-binding protein of rod outer segments of the eye
Creators Name:Hildebrandt, J.D. and Codina, J. and Rosenthal, W. and Birnbaumer, L. and Neer, E.J. and Yamazaki, A. and Bitensky, M.W.
Abstract:Ns and Ni, the regulatory proteins affecting adenylyl cyclase, and transducin, the guanine nucleotide-binding protein from rod outer segments of the eye, are structurally and functionally related proteins. Of these, the alpha subunits are between 39 and 42 kDa in mass, beta subunits are all of 35 kDa in mass, and gamma subunits are much smaller, of approximately 5-8 kDa in mass. We compared, by two-dimensional peptide mapping of iodinated peptides, the beta and gamma subunits of human erythrocyte Ns, human erythrocyte Ni, the beta gamma complex derived from purification of bovine brain N proteins, and frog and bovine eye transducins. We found that gamma subunits in human erythrocyte Ns and Ni and in bovine brain beta gamma complex are indistinguishable by this approach. In contrast, gamma subunits associated with frog and bovine transducin differed markedly between each other and from N protein-associated gamma. beta subunits, on the other hand, yielded essentially indistinguishable peptide maps regardless of whether derived from N proteins or from transducin and regardless also of species of origin: human versus bovine versus frog. These results suggest that the gamma subunit may impart functional heterogeneity of this family of proteins which is evident in the N proteins on the one hand and the transducin proteins on the other.
Keywords:Brain Chemistry, Bufo Marinus, Polyacrylamide Gel Electrophoresis, Erythrocytes, GTP-Binding Proteins, Iodine Radioisotopes, Macromolecular Substances, Membrane Proteins, Molecular Weight, Peptide Fragments, Photoreceptor Cells, Rod Cell Outer Segment, Species Specificity, Transducin, Animals, Cattle
Source:Journal of Biological Chemistry
ISSN:0021-9258
Publisher:American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology (U.S.A.)
Volume:260
Number:27
Page Range:14867-14872
Date:25 November 1985
Official Publication:http://www.jbc.org/cgi/content/abstract/260/27/14867
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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