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Pertussis toxin reverses prostaglandin E2- and somatostatin-induced inhibition of rat parietal cell H(+)-production

Item Type:Article
Title:Pertussis toxin reverses prostaglandin E2- and somatostatin-induced inhibition of rat parietal cell H(+)-production
Creators Name:Schmidtler, J. and Rosenthal, W. and Offermanns, S. and Schusdziarra, V. and Classen, M. and Schepp, W.
Abstract:In enzymatically dispersed enriched rat parietal cells we studied the effect of pertussis toxin on prostaglandin E2 (PGE2)- or somatostatin-induced inhibition of H(+)-production. Parietal cells were incubated in parallel in the absence (control cells) and presence of pertussis toxin (250 ng/ml; 4 h). [14C]Aminopyrine accumulation by both pertussis toxin-treated and control cells was used as an indirect measure of H(+)-production after stimulation with either histamine, forskolin or dibutyryl adenosine 3',5'-cyclic monophosphate (dbcAMP) alone and in the presence of PGE2 (10(-9)-10(-7) M) or somatostatin (10(-9)-10(-6) M). PGE2 inhibited histamine- and forskolin-stimulated [14C]aminopyrine accumulation but failed to alter the response to dbcAMP. Somatostatin was less effective and less potent than PGE2 in inhibiting stimulation by histamine or forskolin and reduced the response to dbcAMP. Pertussis toxin completely reversed inhibition by both PGE2 and somatostatin on histamine- and forskolin-stimulated H(+)-production but failed to affect inhibition by somatostatin of the response to dbcAMP. After incubation of crude control cell membranes with [32P]NAD+, pertussis toxin catalysed the incorporation of [32P]adenosine diphosphate (ADP)-ribose into a membrane protein of molecular weight of 41,000, the known molecular weight of the inhibitory subunit of adenylate cyclase (Gi alpha). Pertussis toxin treatment of parietal cells prior to the preparation of crude membranes almost completely prevented subsequent pertussis toxin-catalysed [32P]ADP ribosylation of the 41,000 molecular weight protein.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
Keywords:Prostaglandin E2, Somatostatin, Rat Parietal Cell, Acid Production, GTP-Binding Protein, Pertussis Toxin, Animals, Rats
Source:Cellular Signalling
Page Range:321-329
Date:May 1992
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1016/0898-6568(92)90072-G
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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