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Characterization of GTP-binding proteins in Golgi-associated membrane vesicles from rat adipocytes

Item Type:Article
Title:Characterization of GTP-binding proteins in Golgi-associated membrane vesicles from rat adipocytes
Creators Name:Schuermann, A. and Rosenthal, W. and Schultz, G. and Joost, H.G.
Abstract:We have previously reported that guanine nucleotides inhibit glucose transport activity reconstituted from adipocyte membrane fractions. In order to further investigate the hypothetical involvement of guanine-nucleotide-binding proteins (GTP-binding proteins) in the regulation of insulin-sensitive glucose transport activity, we studied their subcellular distribution in adipocytes treated or not with insulin. Adipocytes were homogenized and fractionated to yield plasma membranes (PM) and a Golgi-enriched fraction of intracellular membranes (low-density microsomes, LDM). In these membrane fractions, total guanosine 5'-[gamma-[35S]thio]triphosphate ([35S]GTP[S]) binding, alpha- and beta-subunits of heterotrimeric G-proteins, proto-oncogenes Ha-ras and K-ras, and 23-28 kDa GTP-binding proteins were assayed. The levels of alpha s and alpha i (the alpha-subunits of Gs and Gi) were approx. 8-fold lower in LDM than in PM; beta-subunits, Ha-ras and K-ras were not detectable in LDM. Total GTP[S]-binding sites and 23-28 kDa GTP-binding proteins were present in LDM in approximately the same concentrations as in PM. Insulin gave rise to the characteristic translocation of glucose transporters, but failed to alter the subcellular distribution of any of the GTP-binding proteins. Fractionation of the LDM on a discontinuous sucrose gradient revealed that alpha s and alpha i, as detected with antiserum against a common peptide sequence (alpha common), and the bulk of the 23-28 kDa G-proteins sedimented at different sucrose densities. None of the GTP-binding proteins co-sedimented with glucose transporters. Furthermore, the inhibitory effect of GTP[S] on the reconstituted transport activity was lost in the peak fractions of glucose transporters partially purified on the sucrose gradient. These data indicate that LDM from adipocytes contain several GTP-binding proteins in discrete vesicle populations. However, the intracellular GTP-binding proteins are not tightly associated with the vesicles containing the glucose transporter.
Keywords:Adipose Tissue, Amino Acid Sequence, Competitive Binding, Cell Fractionation, Density Gradient Centrifugation, GTP-Binding Proteins, Golgi Apparatus, Guanosine 5'-O-(3-Thiotriphosphate), Immunoblotting, Insulin, Intracellular Membranes, Macromolecular Substances, Microsomes, Molecular Sequence Data, Animals, Rats
Source:Biochemical Journal
Publisher:Portland Press
Number:Pt 3
Page Range:795-801
Official Publication:http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/picrender.fcgi?artid=1130956&blobtype=pdf
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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