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The mechanisms of aquaporin control in the renal collecting duct

Item Type:Review
Title:The mechanisms of aquaporin control in the renal collecting duct
Creators Name:Klussmann, E. and Maric, K. and Rosenthal, W.
Abstract:The antidiuretic hormone arginine-vasopressin (AVP) regulates water reabsorption in renal collecting duct principal cells. Central to its antidiuretic action in mammals is the exocytotic insertion of the water channel aquaporin-2 (AQP2) from intracellular vesicles into the apical membrane of principal cells, an event initiated by an increase in cAMP and activation of protein kinase A. Water is then reabsorbed from the hypotonic urine of the collecting duct. The water channels aquaporin-3 (AQP3) and aquaporin-4 (AQP4), which are constitutively present in the basolateral membrane, allow the exit of water from the cell into the hypertonic interstitium. Withdrawal of the hormone leads to endocytotic retrieval of AQP2 from the cell membrane. The hormone-induced rapid redistribution between the interior of the cell and the cell membrane establishes the basis for the short term regulation of water permeability. In addition water channels (AQP2 and 3) of principal cells are regulated at the level of expression (long term regulation). This review summarizes the current knowledge on the molecular mechanisms underlying the short and long term regulation of water channels in principal cells. In the first part special emphasis is placed on the proteins involved in short term regulation of AQP2 (SNARE proteins, Rab proteins, cytoskeletal proteins, G proteins, protein kinase A anchoring proteins and endocytotic proteins). In the second part, physiological and pathophysiological stimuli determining the long term regulation are discussed.
Keywords:Aquaporins, Arginine Vasopressin, Collecting Kidney Tubules, Animals
Source:Reviews of Physiology Biochemistry and Pharmacology
Page Range:33-95
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1007/BFb0119577
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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