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A single cell Arabidopsis root atlas reveals developmental trajectories in wild type and cell identity mutants

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Title:A single cell Arabidopsis root atlas reveals developmental trajectories in wild type and cell identity mutants
Creators Name:Shahan, R. and Hsu, C.W. and Nolan, T.M. and Cole, B.J. and Taylor, I.W. and Vlot, A.H.C. and Benfey, P.N. and Ohler, U.
Abstract:Cell fate acquisition is a fundamental developmental process in all multicellular organisms. Yet, much is unknown regarding how a cell traverses the pathway from stem cell to terminal differentiation. Advances in single cell genomics1 hold promise for unraveling developmental mechanisms2–3 in tissues4, organs5–6, and organisms7–8. However, lineage tracing can be challenging for some tissues9 and integration of high-quality datasets is often necessary to detect rare cell populations and developmental states10,11. Here, we harmonized single cell mRNA sequencing data from over 110,000 cells to construct a comprehensive atlas for a stereotypically developing organ with indeterminate growth, the Arabidopsis root. To test the utility of the atlas to interpret new datasets, we profiled mutants for two key transcriptional regulators at single cell resolution, shortroot and scarecrow. Although both transcription factors are required for early specification of cell identity12, our results suggest the existence of an alternative pathway acting in mature cells to specify endodermal identity, for which SHORTROOT is required. Uncovering the architecture of this pathway will provide insight into specification and stabilization of the endodermis, a tissue analogous to the mammalian epithelium. Thus, the atlas is a pivotal advance for unraveling the transcriptional programs that specify and maintain cell identity to regulate organ development in space and time.
Publisher:Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
Article Number:2020.06.29.178863
Date:30 June 2020
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.06.29.178863
Related to:
https://edoc.mdc-berlin.de/21345/Final version

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