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Despite the odds: formation of the SARS-CoV-2 methylation complex

Item Type:Preprint
Title:Despite the odds: formation of the SARS-CoV-2 methylation complex
Creators Name:Matsuda, A. and Plewka, J. and Chykunova, Y. and Jones, A.N. and Pachota, M. and Rawski, M. and Mourão, A. and Karim, A. and Kresik, L. and Lis, K. and Minia, I. and Hartman, K. and Sonani, R. and Schlauderer, F. and Dubin, G. and Sattler, M. and Suder, P. and Popowicz, G. and Pyrć, K. and Czarna, A.
Abstract:Coronaviruses protect their single-stranded RNA genome with a methylated cap during replication. The capping process is initiated by several nonstructural proteins (nsp) encoded in the viral genome. The methylation is performed by two methyltransferases, nsp14 and nsp16 where nsp10 acts as a co-factor to both. Aditionally, nsp14 carries an exonuclease domain, which operates in the proofreading system during RNA replication of the viral genome. Both nsp14 and nsp16 were reported to independently bind nsp10, but the available structural information suggests that the concomitant interaction between these three proteins should be impossible due to steric clashes. Here, we show that nsp14, nsp10, and nsp16 can form a heterotrimer complex. This interaction is expected to encourage formation of mature capped viral mRNA, modulating the nsp14’s exonuclease activity, and protecting the viral RNA. Our findings show that nsp14 is amenable to allosteric regulation and may serve as a novel target for therapeutic approaches.
Publisher:Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
Article Number:2022.01.25.477673
Date:1 March 2022
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1101/2022.01.25.477673
Related to:
https://edoc.mdc-berlin.de/24204/Final version

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