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SynaptoPAC, an optogenetic tool for induction of presynaptic plasticity

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Title:SynaptoPAC, an optogenetic tool for induction of presynaptic plasticity
Creators Name:Oldani, S. and Moreno-Velasquez, L. and Stumpf, A. and Rosenmund, C. and Schmitz, D. and Rost, B.R.
Abstract:Optogenetic manipulations have transformed neuroscience in recent years. While sophisticated tools now exist for controlling the firing patterns of neurons, it remains challenging to optogenetically define the plasticity state of individual synapses. A variety of synapses in the mammalian brain express presynaptic long-term potentiation (LTP) upon elevation of presynaptic cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP), but the molecular expression mechanisms as well as the impact of presynaptic LTP on network activity and behavior are not fully understood. In order to establish optogenetic control of presynaptic cAMP levels and thereby presynaptic potentiation, we developed synaptoPAC, a presynaptically targeted version of the photoactivated adenylyl cyclase bPAC. In cultures of hippocampal granule cells, activation of synaptoPAC with blue light increases action potential-evoked transmission, an effect not seen in hippocampal cultures of non-granule cells. In acute brain slices, synaptoPAC activation immediately triggers a strong presynaptic potentiation at mossy fiber terminals in CA3, but not at Schaffer collateral synapse in CA1. Following light-triggered potentiation, mossy fiber transmission decreases within 20 minutes, but remains enhanced still after 30 min. Optogenetic potentiation alters the short-term plasticity dynamics of release, reminiscent of presynaptic LTP. SynaptoPAC is the first optogenetic tool that allows acute light-controlled potentiation of transmitter release at specific synapses of the brain, and will enable to investigate the role of presynaptic potentiation in network function and the animal’s behavior in an unprecedented manner. SIGNIFICANCE STATEMENT: SynaptoPAC is a novel optogenetic tool that allows increasing synaptic transmission by light-controlled induction of presynaptic plasticity.
Keywords:Optogenetics, Long-Term Potentiation, Presynaptic Plasticity, Dentate Gyrus, Hippocampus, Animals, Mice, Rats
Title of Book:SynaptoPAC, an Optogenetic Tool for Induction of Presynaptic Plasticity
Publisher:Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
Article Number:2020.03.27.011635
Date:27 March 2020
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.03.27.011635
Related to:
https://edoc.mdc-berlin.de/19443/Final version

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