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Comparison of the Hi-C, GAM and SPRITE methods by use of polymer models of chromatin

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Title:Comparison of the Hi-C, GAM and SPRITE methods by use of polymer models of chromatin
Creators Name:Fiorillo, L. and Musella, F. and Kempfer, R. and Chiariello, A.M. and Bianco, S. and Kukalev, A. and Irastorza-Azcarate, I. and Esposito, A. and Conte, M. and Prisco, A. and Pombo, A. and Nicodemi, M.
Abstract:Powerful technologies have been developed to probe chromatin 3D physical interactions genome-wide, such as Hi-C, GAM and SPRITE. Due to their intrinsic differences and without a benchmarking reference, it is currently difficult to assess how well each method represents the genome 3D structure and their relative performance. Here, we develop a computational approach to implement Hi-C, GAM and SPRITE in-silico to compare the three methods in a simplified, yet controlled framework against known polymer 3D structures. We test our approach on models of three 6-Mb genomic regions, around the Sox9 and the HoxD genes in mouse ES cells, and around the Epha4 gene in mouse CHLX-12 cells. The model-derived contact matrices consistently match Hi-C, GAM and SPRITE experiments. We show that in-silico Hi-C, GAM and SPRITE average data are overall faithful to the 3D structures of the polymer models. We find that the inherent variability of model single-molecule 3D conformations and experimental efficiency differently affect the contact data of the different methods. Similarly, the noise-to-signal levels vary with genomic distance differently in in-silico Hi-C, SPRITE and GAM. We benchmark the performance of each technology in bulk and in single-cell experiments, and identify the minimal number of cells required for replicates to return statistically consistent chromatin contact measures. Under the same experimental conditions, SPRITE requires the lowest number of cells, Hi-C is close to SPRITE, while GAM is the most reproducible method to capture interactions at large genomic distances.
Title of Book:Comparison of the Hi-C, GAM and SPRITE methods by use of polymer models of chromatin
Publisher:Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press
Article Number:2020.04.24.059915
Date:25 April 2020
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1101/2020.04.24.059915

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