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Perivascular adipose tissue: the sixth man of the cardiovascular system

Item Type:Review
Title:Perivascular adipose tissue: the sixth man of the cardiovascular system
Creators Name:Cheng, C.K. and Bakar, H.A. and Gollasch, M. and Huang, Y.
Abstract:Perivascular adipose tissue (PVAT) refers to the local aggregate of adipose tissue surrounding the vascular tree, exhibiting phenotypes from white to brown and beige adipocytes. Although PVAT has long been regarded as simply a structural unit providing mechanical support to vasculature, it is now gaining reputation as an integral endocrine/paracrine component, in addition to the well-established modulator endothelium, in regulating vascular tone. Since the discovery of anti-contractile effect of PVAT in 1991, the use of multiple rodent models of reduced amounts of PVAT has revealed its regulatory role in vascular remodeling and cardiovascular implications, including atherosclerosis. PVAT does not only release PVAT-derived relaxing factors (PVRFs) to activate multiple subsets of endothelial and vascular smooth muscle potassium channels and anti-inflammatory signals in the vasculature, but it does also provide an interface for neuron-adipocyte interactions in the vascular wall to regulate arterial vascular tone. In this review, we outline our current understanding towards PVAT and attempt to provide hints about future studies that can sharpen the therapeutic potential of PVAT against cardiovascular diseases and their complications.
Keywords:Adipose Tissue, Perivascular Relaxing Factor, PVRF, KCNQ-Type K(V)7 Channels, Beige Adipocytes, Exercise, Perivascular Nerves
Source:Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy
ISSN:0920-3206
Publisher:Springer (The Netherlands)
Volume:32
Number:5
Page Range:481-502
Date:October 2018
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1007/s10557-018-6820-z
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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