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Quantitative profiling of hydroxy lipid metabolites in mouse organs reveals distinct lipidomic profiles and modifications due to elevated n-3 fatty acid levels

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Item Type:Article
Title:Quantitative profiling of hydroxy lipid metabolites in mouse organs reveals distinct lipidomic profiles and modifications due to elevated n-3 fatty acid levels
Creators Name:Chiu, C.Y. and Smyl, C. and Dogan, I. and Rothe, M. and Weylandt, K.H.
Abstract:Polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA) are precursors of bioactive metabolites and mediators. In this study, the profile of hydroxyeicosatetraenoic (HETE), hydroxyeicosapentaenoic (HEPE) and hydroxydocosahexaenoic (HDHA) acids derived from arachidonic acid (AA), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in colon, liver, lung, spleen, muscle, heart and kidney tissue of healthy wildtype mice were characterized, and compared to profiles in organs from transgenic fat-1 mice engineered to express the Caenorhabditis elegans fat-1 gene encoding an n-3 desaturase and thereby with endogenously elevated n-3 PUFA levels. PUFAs were measured using gas chromatography. The lipid metabolites were assayed using LC-MS/MS. AA and DHA were the prominent PUFAs in wildtype and fat-1 mice. EPA levels were low in both groups even though there was a significant increase in fat-1 organs with an up to 12-fold increase in fat-1 spleen and kidney. DHA levels increased by approximately 1.5-fold in fat-1 as compared to wildtype mice. While HETEs remained the same or decreased moderately and HDHAs increased 1- to 3-fold, HEPE formation in fat-1 tissues increased from 8- (muscle) to 44-fold (spleen). These findings indicate distinct profiles of monohydroxy lipid metabolites in different organs and strong utilization of EPA for HEPE formation, by which moderate EPA supplementation might trigger formation of biologically active EPA-derived resolvins.
Keywords:Arachidonic Acid, Eicosapentaenoic Acid, Docosahexaenoic Acid, HETE, HEPE, HDHA, Fat-1, Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids, Omega-6, Omega-3, Animals, Mice
Source:Biology
ISSN:2079-7737
Publisher:MDPI (Switzerland)
Volume:6
Number:1
Page Range:E9
Date:4 February 2017
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.3390/biology6010009
PubMed:View item in PubMed

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