Helmholtz Gemeinschaft

Search
Browse
Statistics
Feeds

Animal foods, protein, calcium and prostate cancer risk: the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition

Item Type:Article
Title:Animal foods, protein, calcium and prostate cancer risk: the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition
Creators Name:Allen, N.E. and Key, T.J. and Appleby, P.N. and Travis, R.C. and Roddam, A.W. and Tjonneland, A. and Johnsen, N.F. and Overvad, K. and Linseisen, J. and Rohrmann, S. and Boeing, H. and Pischon, T. and Bueno-de-Mesquita, H.B. and Kiemeney, L. and Tagliabue, G. and Palli, D. and Vineis, P. and Tumino, R. and Trichopoulou, A. and Kassapa, C. and Trichopoulos, D. and Ardanaz, E. and Larranaga, N. and Tormo, M.J. and Gonzalez, C.A. and Quiros, J.R. and Sanchez, M.J. and Bingham, S. and Khaw, K.T. and Manjer, J. and Berglund, G. and Stattin, P. and Hallmans, G. and Slimani, N. and Ferrari, P. and Rinaldi, S. and Riboli, E.
Abstract:We examined consumption of animal foods, protein and calcium in relation to risk of prostate cancer among 142 251 men in the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition. Associations were examined using Cox regression, stratified by recruitment centre and adjusted for height, weight, education, marital status and energy intake. After an average of 8.7 years of follow-up, there were 2727 incident cases of prostate cancer, of which 1131 were known to be localised and 541 advanced-stage disease. A high intake of dairy protein was associated with an increased risk, with a hazard ratio for the top versus the bottom fifth of intake of 1.22 (95% confidence interval (CI): 1.07-1.41, P(trend)=0.02). After calibration to allow for measurement error, we estimated that a 35-g day(-1) increase in consumption of dairy protein was associated with an increase in the risk of prostate cancer of 32% (95% CI: 1-72%, P(trend)=0.04). Calcium from dairy products was also positively associated with risk, but not calcium from other foods. The results support the hypothesis that a high intake of protein or calcium from dairy products may increase the risk for prostate cancer.
Keywords:Prostate Cancer, Dairy Protein, Calcium, Prospective, EPIC
Source:British Journal of Cancer
ISSN:0007-0920
Publisher:Nature Publishing Group (U.K.)
Volume:98
Number:9
Page Range:1574-1581
Date:6 May 2008
Official Publication:https://doi.org/10.1038/sj.bjc.6604331
PubMed:View item in PubMed

Repository Staff Only: item control page

Open Access
MDC Library